Campaigners are warning of a “gaping hole” in the UK’s food safety regime, as new figures reveal that high numbers of food inspections are missed each year.

Over fifty thousand food hygiene checks were outstanding in 2017/18, according to a Freedom of Information request obtained by the Unchecked.uk campaign, leading to fears that serious hygiene breaches could be missed by under-resourced Local Authority teams. [1]

Unchecked.uk found that only 11 per cent of councils managed to carry out all their planned food checks on time, while eight Local Authorities missed over 1,000 inspections of local food businesses.

These concerns are amplified by findings showing that, while there is 90 per cent compliance on food safety across all premises, 80 per cent of the highest risk A-rated food premises and 36 per cent of B-rated food premises in England, Northern Ireland and Wales are failing to meet basic food hygiene standards – such as cleanliness, correct handling of food, and temperature control. [2] [3] A- or B-rated food businesses include establishments with a track record of poor hygiene, larger-scale premises handing raw meat or fish, premises where food contamination is more likely to happen, and businesses serving children or the elderly.

Poor hygiene practices can greatly increase the emergence and spread of bacteria which can cause food-borne illness and food poisoning, such as Campylobacter, Salmonella and E. coli O157. These infections can be highly dangerous, posing the greatest risk to babies, young children, the elderly and the ill.

Emma Rose, Project Lead at Unchecked.uk, said: Most food businesses are meeting basic hygiene standards, but compliance in high-risk premises is poor, and the number of overdue food checks raises questions about whether the UK’s food safety regime is ready for the challenges ahead. Local Authority enforcement teams are just not being given the tools they need to do their job, which is undermining their efforts to keep people safe.”

The campaign is the latest to voice a concern that the UK’s food system is buckling and is ill-equipped to deal with additional pressures brought about by Brexit. Recently, the National Audit Office flagged serious problems in the UK’s food regulatory system. [4] The Food Standards Agency’s new inspection strategy has also come under fire, with many expressing concern that it represents a weakening of UK food law enforcement. In particular, the proposal that food businesses should contract third-party assurance providers to carry out their inspections has drawn criticism. [5]

Steve Nash, Consumer Advisor on E. coli O157 said: “Whilst Local Authority staff and other Government inspectors work very hard, they are not being supported well enough. The Food Standards Agency now needs to take a good hard look at its failings and address them. What is needed is more truly independent Local Authority food inspectors on the ground, not food industry accreditation companies marking food businesses’ own homework – which is what the Agency is planning for future UK food inspections.”

An Environment Health Officer, who wished to remain anonymous, said: “For around 10 years Local Authority budgets and Environmental Health staff numbers have been reduced. In many cases this has had a direct impact on both the number and quality of food hygiene interventions. These pressures can mean less time is available to complete an inspection and can lead to poor hygiene being overlooked.

“Alongside this, there has been a significant increase in the number of food businesses in the past few years. This poses a real risk to Local Authorities which are already struggling to address a backlog of overdue inspections.”

ENDS

Notes to Editors

[1] This figure is for total overdue food hygiene interventions of rated premises in England, Northern Ireland and Wales in 2017/18. While the total percentage of due checks achieved in England in 2018/19 increased marginally compared with the previous year, there were decreases in Wales and Northern Ireland (where planned interventions fell by 1.3 per cent and 4.2 per cent respectively).

[2] Unchecked.uk analysis of Food Standards Agency figures for 2018/19. “Failure to meet basic food standards” equates to businesses which achieved a hygiene rating of 2 or below in relation to the Food Standards Agency’s Food Hygiene Rating Scheme. This scheme is mandatory in Northern Ireland and Wales, where businesses must publicly display their ratings, and voluntary for those in England.

[3] All food establishments in the UK are classed as A-E, according to how much of a hazard they pose to the public. The highest risk A-rated premises include businesses with a history of hygiene/ compliance problems; businesses supplying food to vulnerable customers; businesses with a large number of customers; and those handling raw meat or carrying out processes with a high danger of contamination.

A third (36.3%) of ‘B-rated’ establishments failed to meet basic hygiene standards. For context, this is out of 1,745 A-rated premises, and 20,759 B-rated premises. There are 568,324 food establishments in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Overall, 90.7 percent of all food businesses achieved compliance in 2018/19 – around the same level as the previous year. In England 81 per cent of A-rated premises and 37 per cent of B-rated premises are failing on food hygiene (out of 1,605 and 18,889 premises respectively). In Wales 76 per cent of A-rated premises and 31 percent of B-rated premises are failing on food hygiene (out of 118 and 1,444 premises respectively). In NI, 41 per cent of A-rated premises and 20 per cent of B-rated premises are failing on food hygiene (out of 22 and 426 premises respectively).

[4] See “Ensuring Food Safety and Standards”, National Audit Office

[5] See for example the Food Research Collaboration’s briefing, “Weakening UK food law enforcement: a risky tactic in Brexit”

About Unchecked.uk

Unchecked.uk is a project of The Ecology Trust, a grant-making charity established in 2003 which seeks to tackle the root causes of environmental and societal problems. Unchecked.uk was launched in August 2019. It works with UK civil society organisations to make the case for proper investment in the public bodies that keep us safe, maps the causes and consequences of weak enforcement, and carries out public attitudes research. www.unchecked.uk

For all media enquiries please contact:

Luke Holland / luke@cathoddu.com / 07447 008098

For further information on Unchecked.uk, please contact:

Emma Rose/ emma@unchecked.uk/ 07917 799 203

< BACK

Campaigners are warning of a “gaping hole” in the UK’s food safety regime, as new figures reveal that high numbers of food inspections are missed each year.

Over fifty thousand food hygiene checks were outstanding in 2017/18, according to a Freedom of Information request obtained by the Unchecked.uk campaign, leading to fears that serious hygiene breaches could be missed by under-resourced Local Authority teams. [1]

Unchecked.uk found that only 11 per cent of councils managed to carry out all their planned food checks on time, while eight Local Authorities missed over 1,000 inspections of local food businesses.

These concerns are amplified by findings showing that, while there is 90 per cent compliance on food safety across all premises, 80 per cent of the highest risk A-rated food premises and 36 per cent of B-rated food premises in England, Northern Ireland and Wales are failing to meet basic food hygiene standards – such as cleanliness, correct handling of food, and temperature control. [2] [3] A- or B-rated food businesses include establishments with a track record of poor hygiene, larger-scale premises handing raw meat or fish, premises where food contamination is more likely to happen, and businesses serving children or the elderly.

Poor hygiene practices can greatly increase the emergence and spread of bacteria which can cause food-borne illness and food poisoning, such as Campylobacter, Salmonella and E. coli O157. These infections can be highly dangerous, posing the greatest risk to babies, young children, the elderly and the ill.

Emma Rose, Project Lead at Unchecked.uk, said: Most food businesses are meeting basic hygiene standards, but compliance in high-risk premises is poor, and the number of overdue food checks raises questions about whether the UK’s food safety regime is ready for the challenges ahead. Local Authority enforcement teams are just not being given the tools they need to do their job, which is undermining their efforts to keep people safe.”

The campaign is the latest to voice a concern that the UK’s food system is buckling and is ill-equipped to deal with additional pressures brought about by Brexit. Recently, the National Audit Office flagged serious problems in the UK’s food regulatory system. [4] The Food Standards Agency’s new inspection strategy has also come under fire, with many expressing concern that it represents a weakening of UK food law enforcement. In particular, the proposal that food businesses should contract third-party assurance providers to carry out their inspections has drawn criticism. [5]

Steve Nash, Consumer Advisor on E. coli O157 said: “Whilst Local Authority staff and other Government inspectors work very hard, they are not being supported well enough. The Food Standards Agency now needs to take a good hard look at its failings and address them. What is needed is more truly independent Local Authority food inspectors on the ground, not food industry accreditation companies marking food businesses’ own homework – which is what the Agency is planning for future UK food inspections.”

An Environment Health Officer, who wished to remain anonymous, said: “For around 10 years Local Authority budgets and Environmental Health staff numbers have been reduced. In many cases this has had a direct impact on both the number and quality of food hygiene interventions. These pressures can mean less time is available to complete an inspection and can lead to poor hygiene being overlooked.

“Alongside this, there has been a significant increase in the number of food businesses in the past few years. This poses a real risk to Local Authorities which are already struggling to address a backlog of overdue inspections.”

ENDS

Notes to Editors

[1] This figure is for total overdue food hygiene interventions of rated premises in England, Northern Ireland and Wales in 2017/18. While the total percentage of due checks achieved in England in 2018/19 increased marginally compared with the previous year, there were decreases in Wales and Northern Ireland (where planned interventions fell by 1.3 per cent and 4.2 per cent respectively).

[2] Unchecked.uk analysis of Food Standards Agency figures for 2018/19. “Failure to meet basic food standards” equates to businesses which achieved a hygiene rating of 2 or below in relation to the Food Standards Agency’s Food Hygiene Rating Scheme. This scheme is mandatory in Northern Ireland and Wales, where businesses must publicly display their ratings, and voluntary for those in England.

[3] All food establishments in the UK are classed as A-E, according to how much of a hazard they pose to the public. The highest risk A-rated premises include businesses with a history of hygiene/ compliance problems; businesses supplying food to vulnerable customers; businesses with a large number of customers; and those handling raw meat or carrying out processes with a high danger of contamination.

A third (36.3%) of ‘B-rated’ establishments failed to meet basic hygiene standards. For context, this is out of 1,745 A-rated premises, and 20,759 B-rated premises. There are 568,324 food establishments in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Overall, 90.7 percent of all food businesses achieved compliance in 2018/19 – around the same level as the previous year. In England 81 per cent of A-rated premises and 37 per cent of B-rated premises are failing on food hygiene (out of 1,605 and 18,889 premises respectively). In Wales 76 per cent of A-rated premises and 31 percent of B-rated premises are failing on food hygiene (out of 118 and 1,444 premises respectively). In NI, 41 per cent of A-rated premises and 20 per cent of B-rated premises are failing on food hygiene (out of 22 and 426 premises respectively).

[4] See “Ensuring Food Safety and Standards”, National Audit Office

[5] See for example the Food Research Collaboration’s briefing, “Weakening UK food law enforcement: a risky tactic in Brexit”

About Unchecked.uk

Unchecked.uk is a project of The Ecology Trust, a grant-making charity established in 2003 which seeks to tackle the root causes of environmental and societal problems. Unchecked.uk was launched in August 2019. It works with UK civil society organisations to make the case for proper investment in the public bodies that keep us safe, maps the causes and consequences of weak enforcement, and carries out public attitudes research. www.unchecked.uk

For all media enquiries please contact:

Luke Holland / luke@cathoddu.com / 07447 008098

For further information on Unchecked.uk, please contact:

Emma Rose/ emma@unchecked.uk/ 07917 799 203

< BACK